Indo European languages

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How Indo-European Languages Evolved


The origin of Indo-European languages has long been a topic of debate among scholars and scientists. In 2012, a team of evolutionary biologists at the University of Auckland led by Dr. Quentin Atkinson released a study that found all modern IE languages could be traced back to a single root: Anatolian — the language of Anatolia, now modern-day Turkey. Science Insider tells you all you need to know about science: space, medicine, biotech, physiology, and more. Subscribe to our channel and visit us at: 🤍 Science Insider on Facebook: 🤍 Science Insider on Instagram: 🤍 Business Insider on Twitter: 🤍 Tech Insider on Twitter: 🤍

Evolution of the Indo-European Languages - Ancient Civilizations DOCUMENTARY


This video is brought to you by Aloud. Learn more about the video translation tool that’s breaking the language barrier: 🤍 The Kings and Generals animated historical documentary series on the ancient civilizations continues with a video on the evolution of the Indo-European Languages, as we give a summary of how this language family formed and how the languages belonging to each are still connected to each other: Arabia Before Islam: Religion, Society, Culture: 🤍 Vandals: 🤍 How Rome Conquered Greece: 🤍 Did the Trojan War Really Happen: 🤍 Demosthenes: 🤍 Ancient Greek Politics and Diplomacy: 🤍 Pyrrhic Wars: 🤍 Ancient Macedonia before Alexander the Great and Philip II: 🤍 Diplomatic Genius of Philip of Macedon: 🤍 Etruscans: 🤍 Bosporan Kingdom: 🤍 Ancient Greek State in Bactria: 🤍 The Greco-Chinese War Over the Heavenly Horses: 🤍 Ancient Greek Kingdom in India: 🤍 Ghaznavids: 🤍 Huns: 🤍 White Huns: 🤍 Gokturks: 🤍 Khazars: 🤍 Yuezhi: 🤍 Seljuks: 🤍 Support us on Patreon: 🤍 or Paypal: 🤍 or by joining the youtube membership: 🤍 We are grateful to our patrons and sponsors, who made this video possible: 🤍 The video was made by Arb Paninken, while the script was developed by Georgi Kolev. This video was narrated by Officially Devin (🤍 & 🤍 ✔ Merch store ► 🤍 ✔ Patreon ► 🤍 ✔ Podcast ► Google Play: 🤍 iTunes: 🤍 ✔ PayPal ► 🤍 ✔ Twitter ► 🤍 ✔ Discord ►🤍 ✔ Facebook ► 🤍 ✔ Instagram ►🤍 Production Music courtesy of Epidemic Sound: 🤍 #Documentary #DubbedWithAloud #Civilization

The Indo-European Connection


This video is about the Indo-European languages and the connections between them, going all the way back to Proto-Indo-European. Check out Langfocus on Patreon 🤍 Current Patreon members include these fantastic people: Brandon Gonzalez, Виктор Павлов, Mark Thesing, Jiajun "Jeremy" Liu, иктор Павлов, Guillermo Jimenez, Sidney Frattini Junior, Bennett Seacrist, Ruben Sanchez, Michael Cuomo, Eric Garland, Brian Michalowski, Sebastian Langshaw, Vadim Sobolev, FRANCISCO, Mohammed A. Abahussain, Fred, UlasYesil, JL Bumgarner, Rob Hoskins, Thomas A. McCloud, Ian Smith, Maurice Chow, Matthew Cockburn, Raymond Thomas, Simon Blanchet, Ryan Marquardt, Sky Vied, Romain Paulus, Panot, Erik Edelmann, Bennet, James Zavaleta, Ulrike Baumann, Ian Martyn, Justin Faist, Jeff Miller, Stephen Lawson, Howard Stratton, George Greene, Panthea Madjidi, Nicholas Gentry, Sergios Tsakatikas, Bruno Filippi, Sergio Tsakatikas, Qarion, Pedro Flores, Raymond Thomas, Marco Antonio Barcellos Junior, David Beitler, Rick Gerritzen, Sailcat, Mark Kemp, Éric Martin, Leo Barudi, Piotr Chmielowski, Suzanne Jacobs, Johann Goergen, Darren Rennels, Caio Fernandes, Iddo Berger, Peter Nikitin, and Brent Werner for their generous Patreon support. *🤍 🤍 🤍 🤍 Music: "Dark Lotus" by MK2. It´s True (Vlog Music) by Dj Quads 🤍 Main: Dama-May - Primal Drive by Kevin MacLeod is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution license (🤍 Source: 🤍 Artist: 🤍 Outro: "Garden Walk" by Jingle Punks.

Spread of the Indo-European Languages in Eurasia


Spread of the Indo-European Languages in Eurasia, Proto-IndoEuropean, Anatolian, Tocharian, Germanic, Celtic, Italic, Slavic, Baltic, Iranian, Indo-Aryan, Greek, Armenian, Thracian, Illyrian, Phrygian, Paeonian, Liburnian, Cimmerian, Nuristani Music: Heavy Heart - Kevin MacLeod Lost Frontier - Kevin MacLeod "Heavy Heart" Kevin MacLeod ( Licensed under Creative Commons: By Attribution 4.0 License 🤍 Lost Frontier by Kevin MacLeod Link: 🤍 License: 🤍 Support the channel with an ebook purchase or a donation. Thank you for your support. You help make the channel better 🤍 🤍 🤍

The Sound of the Proto Indo European language (Numbers, Words & Story)


Welcome to my channel! This is Andy from I love languages. Let's learn different languages/dialects together. For today's video, I recorded my voice speaking the Proto-Indo European language. Please feel free to subscribe to see more of this. I hope you have a great day! Stay happy! Please support me on Patreon! 🤍 (Recorded by I love languages team) (It's a reconstructed language) Please support me on Patreon! 🤍 Proto-Indo-European (PIE) is the theorized common ancestor of the Indo-European language family. Its proposed features have been derived by linguistic reconstruction from documented Indo-European languages. No direct record of Proto-Indo-European exists. Far more work has gone into reconstructing PIE than any other proto-language, and it is by far the best understood of all proto-languages of its age. The vast majority of linguistic work during the 19th century was devoted to the reconstruction of PIE or its daughter proto-languages (such as Proto-Germanic and Proto-Indo-Iranian), and most of the modern techniques of linguistic reconstruction (such as the comparative method) were developed as a result. PIE is hypothesized to have been spoken as a single language from 6500 BC to 3500 BC during the Late Neolithic to Early Bronze Age, though estimates vary by more than a thousand years. According to the prevailing Kurgan hypothesis, the original homeland of the Proto-Indo-Europeans may have been in the Pontic–Caspian steppe of eastern Europe. The linguistic reconstruction of PIE has also provided insight into the culture and religion of its speakers. As speakers of Proto-Indo-European became isolated from each other through the Indo-European migrations, the regional dialects of Proto-Indo-European spoken by the various groups diverged from each other, as each dialect underwent different shifts in pronunciation (the Indo-European sound laws), morphology, and vocabulary. Thus these dialects slowly but eventually transformed into the known ancient Indo-European languages. From there, further linguistic divergence led to the evolution of their current descendants, the modern Indo-European languages. Today, the descendant languages, or daughter languages, of PIE with the most native speakers are Spanish, English, Portuguese, Hindustani (Hindi and Urdu), Bengali, Russian, Punjabi, German, Persian, French, Marathi, Italian, and Gujarati. PIE is believed to have had an elaborate system of morphology that included inflectional suffixes (analogous to English life, lives, life's, lives') as well as ablaut (vowel alterations, for example, as preserved in English sing, sang, sung) and accent. PIE nominals and pronouns had a complex system of declension, and verbs similarly had a complex system of conjugation. The PIE phonology, particles, numerals, and copula are also well-reconstructed. Asterisks are used as a conventional mark of reconstructed words, such as *wódr̥, *ḱwṓ, or *tréyes; these forms are the reconstructed ancestors of the modern English words water, hound, and three, respectively. LINKS: 🤍 🤍 🤍 Want your beautiful language to be featured? My email: Otipeps24🤍

The Migration of Indo-European Languages


In this episode the History of the World Podcast leads us through a heavily complex and complicated subject involving the Indo-European origin of many of the languages that we have today and the migrations that occurred early in our human history as humans and their evolving languages spread out across the globe, in many ways connected and in many ways different. Enjoy! 7000 BCE onwards - Proto-Indo-Europeans are believed to have spoken a language ancestral to over four hundred languages of the modern world. Why do we believe this when there is no firm evidence of a Proto-Indo-European language though? Get your Sea Peoples | Late Bronze Age Merch below! Mugs: 🤍 Hoodies | Shirts | Tank Tops: 🤍 Get your Hittite Merch below! Mugs: 🤍 Shirts | Tank Tops | Hoodies: 🤍 Trojan War Merch Below! Mugs: 🤍 Tank Tops | Shirts | Hoodies: 🤍 Support the History of the World Podcast at these sites! Website: 🤍 Patreon: 🤍 Facebook: 🤍 Twitter: 🤍 Instagram: 🤍 To support the channel, become a Patron and make history matter! Patreon: 🤍 Donate directly to PayPal: 🤍 Enjoy history merchandise? Check out affiliate link to SPQR Emporium! 🤍?aff=3 *Dislaimer, the link above is an affiliate link which means we will earn a generous commission from your magnificent purchase, just another way to help out the channel! Join our community! Facebook:🤍 Twitter: 🤍 Instagram: 🤍 Facebook Group: 🤍 Video Maps were provided by Ollie Bye 🤍 EmperorTigerstar 🤍 And Jake Mapping 🤍



Welcome to my channel! This is Andy from I love languages. Let's learn different languages/dialects together. Please feel free to subscribe to see more of this. I hope you have a great day! Stay happy! Please support me on Patreon! 🤍 Please support me on Ko-fi 🤍 If you are interested to see your native language/dialect be featured here. Submit your recordings to otipeps24🤍 Looking forward to hearing from you!

Indo-European Language Family


Indo-European peoples and languages. Indo-European languages is the most widely spoken family of languages in the world. Its members include the Indo-Aryan & Iranian languages of Asia; Armenian & most languages of Europe including English, German (Germanic), Russian (Slavic), Latin, French, Spanish, Italian & Portuguese (Romance), Greek, Albanian, Baltic & Celtic languages.

Indo-European Languages - Word Comparisons


Comparison of 70 words in selected Indo-European languages and Proto-Indo-European (PIE) reconstrunctions. Languages featured include - Hittite (Anatolian) Baltic (Old Prussian and Lithuanian) Slavic (Old Church Slavonic) Iranian (Avestan) Indo-Aryan (Vedic Sanskrit) Armenian Romance (Latin) Tocharian (Tocharian A and B) Germanic (Gothic, Old Norse) Hellenic (Ancient Greek) Celtic (Old Irish and Welsh) Albanian Song name is Spirit of Fire by Jesse Gallagher

Indo-European Languages: An Intro. (37 Min.)


An up-to-date introduction to the Indo-European language family with a little bit of everything: how we know these languages are connected, the history of different branches, and some questions for the future. Created by Dr. Jackson Crawford (a historical linguist specializing in Old Norse and the Scandinavian languages) with input from scholars specializing in other branches of the language tree. Jackson Crawford, Ph.D.: Sharing real expertise in Norse language and myth with people hungry to learn, free of both ivory tower elitism and the agendas of self-appointed gurus. Visit 🤍 (includes bio and linked list of all videos). Jackson Crawford’s Patreon page: 🤍 Visit Grimfrost at 🤍?aff=183 Latest FAQs: 🤍 (updated Nov. 2019). Jackson Crawford’s translation of Hávamál, with complete Old Norse text: 🤍 Jackson Crawford’s translation of The Poetic Edda: 🤍 Audiobook: 🤍 Jackson Crawford’s translation of The Saga of the Volsungs: 🤍 Audiobook: 🤍 Music © I See Hawks in L.A., courtesy of the artist. Visit 🤍 Logos by Elizabeth Porter (snowbringer at gmail).

The Sound of the Modern Indo-European language (Numbers, Greetings, Words & The Parable)


Welcome to my channel! This is Andy from I love languages. Let's learn different languages/dialects together. I created this for educational purposes to spread awareness that we are diverse as a planet. This video was made for educational purposes only. Non profit, educational, or personal use tips the balance in favor of fair use. All credits belong to the rightful owners. Language Preservation & Documentation. The Indo-European languages are a language family native to western and southern Eurasia. It comprises most of the languages of Europe together with those of the northern Indian subcontinent and the Iranian Plateau. Some European languages of this family, such as English, French, Portuguese, Russian, Dutch, and Spanish, have expanded through colonialism in the modern period and are now spoken across several continents. The Indo-European family is divided into several branches or sub-families, of which there are eight groups with languages still alive today: Albanian, Armenian, Balto-Slavic, Celtic, Germanic, Hellenic, Indo-Iranian, and Italic; and another six subdivisions which are now extinct. LINKS: 🤍 🤍 🤍 If you are interested to see your native language/dialect be featured here. Submit your recordings to crystalsky0124🤍 Follow me on Instagram andy_i_love_languages Looking forward to hearing from you!

Lithuanian | Oldest Survivor of Indo-European [Language Digest]


What is Lithuanian? Why is it such a fascinating language? Lithuanian, or lietuvių kalba, is an Indo-European or better yet, a Baltic language that retains some archaic form of Indo-European. It's a language spoken by roughly 3 million people, primarily in Lithuania (duh). Watch this video to learn more about the language! Instagram: 🤍 Facebook: 🤍 More info on the language (with links to resources): 🤍 Best Books to learn Lithuanian: 🤍 Visit 🤍 and signup for our newsletter to receive the latest language content!

The Indo-European Dual | Mark Damen | TEDxUSU


English, Greek, Farsi, Hindi, German, French and many other modern languages were once one language spoken by an ancient people we call “Indo-Europeans.” This language had a feature now lost in its daughter tongues, a dual number: “The two of us did it.” Dual forms explain features of English but, more important, unlock the door to understanding the pervasive influence of Indo-European culture today. Everyone who speaks one of these daughter languages is playing a role in the expansion of that culture which has become so dominant today it threatens to overwhelm and exterminate other ways of speaking and seeing the world. As we the descendants of that ancient Indo-European civilization “globalize” the planet and reach for the stars, we should reflect upon the devastations left behind by our success. Mark Damen has studied the ancient world since eighth grade when he took a Latin class and realized that English is best understood from the outside looking in. After all, how can you grasp the concept of color if you see only red? Likewise, the best way to know your own language is by comparing it to others, and the more remote, the wider the perspective. Thus began a love of all things old. Many years of acting and working in theatre naturally blended with that into a life of work on ancient drama. Mark’s research on classical Greek and Roman performance and playwriting has appeared in premier journals in the field of Classics, but teaching and passing on his passion for antiquity have always been equally important to him. In students, he believes, lies the future of the past. This talk was given at a TEDx event using the TED conference format but independently organized by a local community. Learn more at 🤍



Welcome to my channel! This is Andy from I love languages. Let's learn different languages/dialects together. Recorded by I love languages & Friends! This video includes the major languages per branch of the IE language family. The Indo-European languages are a language family native to the overwhelming majority of Europe, the Iranian plateau, and the northern Indian subcontinent. Some European languages of this family, such as English, French, Portuguese, Russian, Dutch, and Spanish, have expanded through colonialism in the modern period and are now spoken across several continents. The Indo-European family is divided into several branches or sub-families, of which there are eight groups with languages still alive today: Albanian, Armenian, Balto-Slavic, Celtic, Germanic, Hellenic, Indo-Iranian, and Italic; and another six subdivisions that are now extinct. Today, the individual Indo-European languages with the most speakers are English, Hindi–Urdu, Spanish, Bengali, French, Russian, Portuguese, German, Persian, and Punjabi, each with over 100 million speakers; many others are small and in danger of extinction. In total, 46 percent of the world's population (3.2 billion people) speaks an Indo-European language as a first language — by far the highest of any language family. There are about 445 living Indo-European languages, according to an estimate by Ethnologue, with over two-thirds (313) of them belonging to the Indo-Iranian branch. 🤍 Please feel free to subscribe to see more of this. I hope you have a great day! Stay happy! Please support me on Patreon! 🤍 Please support me on Ko-fi 🤍 This video was made for educational purposes only. Non profit, educational, or personal use tips the balance in favor of fair use. All credits belong to the rightful owners. Language Preservation & Documentation. If you are interested to see your native language/dialect be featured here. Submit your recordings to otipeps24🤍 Looking forward to hearing from you!

The Sound of Indo-European Music (Compilation)


The Yamnaya people, also known as the Proto-Indo-Europeans, were a people believed to have lived on the Steppes of Ukraine. After making a number of advancements in animal husbandry, the Proto-Indo-Europeans expanded and conquered across Europe and down into India. The Yamnaya people were able to spread their language across these regions, and over time this tongue began to diverge, creating the seperate-yet-related Indo-European languages of today. In this video, I compiled music from all the major Indo-European languages. I hope you enjoy these great songs! Note: For the sake of time and hard drive space, I only included major, officially-recognized Indo-European languages. Perhaps in the future I will create a video about various dialects of these languages. If I missed a language you like, however, I am sorry. Videos Used: 1821 Greek Nationalist Song of the War of Independence English Subs.. Afrim Muciqi & Ymer Bajrami 2 Armenian Anthem (HH Orhnerg) - Mer Hayrenik by Armenian Stars HF Exclusive Premiere HQ Aye Zamma Wataana (Pashto National Anthem)-New Version by Humayun Khan & Bakhtiyar Khattak Balochistan National Anthem Ma chokke Balochani Bella Ciao - ORIGINALE Breton folk music - Soazig - Ar Soudarded British Patriotic Song I Vow to Thee, My Country Czech Patriotic Song - Náš tatíčku Masaryku Danish Patriotic Song - Den Tapre Landsoldat (The Brave Soldier of The Fatherland) Dhan Chhe Gujarat Kinjal Dave Sumaar Music Gujarati New Song 2019 કજલ દવ Ey Iran the original anthem of Iran (with lyrics) First French Empire (18041814, 1815) Chanson de l'oignon Fryslân Ik Longerje Nei Dy (A Frisian Patriotic Video) Heino Der Gott der Eisen wachsen ließ In the Thickets - Belarusian Patriotic song Island er land þitt Iceland is your country Icelandic song by Palmi Gunnarsson Jai Phula LoJai PhulaFolk Love SongsModern FolkOriya Song Khanderaya Zali Mazi Daina - Marathi Songs 2018 Marathi DJ Song Vaibhav Londhe, Saisha Patha Kingdom of Sweden Patriotic Song - Sveriges Flagga Kurdistan National Anthem Kurdish & English Lyrics Latvian Patriotic Song - Dvēseles dziesma Mazandarani- Robabeh National Anthem Bulgaria - Мила Родино National Anthem Netherlands - Wilhelmus Norge i rødt, hvitt og blått 17. mai-sanger Oi šermukšnio - (Lithuanian War Song) Portuguese Monarchist Song - Deus, Pátria, Rei Que Viva España-Spanish Patriotic Song Rangla punjab- sarbjit cheema Republic of Ireland (1937-) Patriotic Song Óró sé do bheatha abhaile (1884) Romanian Patriotic Song - Trăiască România [ENG translation] Rota (z napisami) Sayaun Thunga Phool Ka - Nepal National anthem Nepali & English lyrics Slovakian Patriotic Song - Po nábreží koník beží Slovenian Patriotic Son-Hej Brigade Welsh National Anthem - Hen Wlad Fy Nhadau (CYEN) Yugoslavian Patriotic Song Zivela Jugoslavija Марш Нової Армії Мы Русские...С нами Бог!!! আমর সনর বল আম তময ভলবস #indoeuropean #linguistics #foreignMusic #germanic #slavic #iranic #compilation #anthropology #yamnaya

Yamnaya: Faces of the Indo-Europeans


The Yamnaya culture, also called the Kurgan or Late Ochre Grave culture, of the late Neolithic and Bronze age Pontic steppe is believed to belong to one of several Proto-Indo-European speaking Western Steppe herder peoples who were ancestral to many modern peoples and who spread Indo-European languages across Eurasia. But what did Yamnaya look like? In this documentary film you can see 3D forensic facial reconstructions of Yamnaya men by the artist Robert Molyneaux and you can learn all about what Yamnaya people ate, why they loved milk, how they lived, their burial customs, how they spread and more. 20% off coupon: Jive20 Gthic: 🤍 This channel depends on your support: Patreon: 🤍 SubscribeStar: 🤍 Telegram: 🤍 Crypto: 🤍 See academic sources and artwork on the blog: 🤍 Artists: Robert Molyneaux 🤍 Christian Sloan Hall 🤍 Graman 🤍 Valentyn Kolontai 🤍 Roy Douglas 🤍 Map animation by Meta-sight 🤍 Bronze age map by Dan Kogosov Cartography 🤍 Article about Yamnaya in WhyNow magazine: 🤍 Music in order: Xurios - Steppe expansion Altyn Tuu - Altai throat singing Gargoyle - dance with me The Whole Other - Ether Oar Patrick Patrikios - Away doug maxwell - tribal war council Bark sound productions - in return kevin macleod - Master of the feast Aethelruna - Output Saba Murachashvili - Acharuli Chris Zabriskie - The Theatrical Poster for Poltergeist III Borg - The Dancing Forest Khan Kurra - Little dragon Chris Zabriskie - I Am Running Down the Long Hallway of Viewmont Elementary 00:00 Intro 01:01 Who are the Yamnaya? 02:29 Stelae 03:27 Kurgans 05:16 pre-Yamnaya steppe people 05:46 Yamnaya skull types 06:03 Yamnaya expansion 08:16 Yamnaya phenotype 11:17 Facial reconstructions 13:42 Who has Yamnaya ancestry? 14:29 Warlike people 15:28 GTHIC sponsor 15:58 healthy lads 16:35 Milk drinkers 18:58 Yamnaya diet 20:30 plague 22:04 wagons, wheels, horses 26:27 Outram on horses 28:38 horse sacrifice 29:42 deforestation 31:44 R1b Haplogroup 33:30 Yamnaya women 34:57 the CHG question 42:16 Conclusion



European languages comparison - Food


All (or most) European Languages compared just for fun. Support my channel if you like this content and you want to see similar videos: 🤍 Comparison of European Languages through vocabulary related to food. Don't forget to hit the like button, subscribe and share it ;) 🤍 Second song: Music: Vopna by Alexander Nakarada (🤍 Licensed under Creative Commons BY Attribution 4.0 License 🤍

What If European Countries Were Divided By Language?


In this video I talk about European Languages, and how countries' borders would be different if this was the criteria for their division. Follow me on Twitter: 🤍 Become a member on Patreon & get exclusive content! 🤍 Special mention to my patrons: Richard, Jeseenya, Francis, Edward, Stephen, MiFE, Rpgkillerspace, Wilhelm, Roland, Rami, Juan, Bruno, Albert, Lastmatix, Kalvin, Francisco, Tom, 43rpak, Chet, Ryan Keith, ou_lyss, Borton, Ryan McMurry, Pete, Cesar, Hendrick. Business Contact: gilfamc🤍 Thanks for watching, remember to subscribe to catch future videos!



Welcome to my channel! This is Andy from I love languages. Let's learn different languages/dialects together. Please feel free to subscribe to see more of this. I hope you have a great day! Stay happy! Please support me on Patreon! 🤍 Please support me on Ko-fi 🤍 If you are interested to see your native language/dialect be featured here. Submit your recordings to otipeps24🤍 Looking forward to hearing from you!

Proto-Indo-European Origins | DNA


The origins of modern Europeans are shrouded in mystery and wracked by controversy. Archaeologists and linguists have long debated the origins of the Indo-European language family as well as the origins of civilization and settled life in Europe. Recent discoveries in past years suggest that the origin of European culture, as well as some central Asian cultures, is within an archaeological culture called the Yamnaya. One major source of contention over the origins of the precursor to modern European cultures is over whether they involved the movement of actual people or merely the exchange of ideas. Before about 9,000 BP Europe was still in the Palaeolithic. It was populated largely by hunter-gatherers, living not very differently from how they had lived when they first arrived in Europe roughly 37,000 years ago. Beginning around 9,000 BP however, agriculture and village life began to spread across Europe and by 5,000 BP the continent was mostly settled by Neolithic farmers. Around 5,000 BP or 3,000 BC a Bronze Age culture began to spread across Europe, probably from the steppes of Eurasia. In one view, this change is related to trade networks that existed across Eurasia. People of Europe were in trade contact with the people of the Middle East and the Eurasian steppes and they adopted the technology and lifeways of more technologically advanced outsiders. The original position of many European archaeologists, however, was that the second instance, at least, represented an invasion. In 3,000 BC, nomadic pastoralists from the steppes of Eurasia replaced and interbred with the Neolithic farmers who had settled Europe about 4,000 years earlier. More recent views also contend that Neolithic farmers from Anatolia (modern-day Turkey) began to spread across Europe around 7,000 BC without much interbreeding with the native hunter-gatherers. This suggests that both may have been the result of actual migrations of people. Although there are still many unanswered questions, sequencing of ancient human genomes has revealed that these culture changes in Europe were partially the result of a migration of people. The earlier migration of farmers from Anatolia is beyond the scope of this article, but recent research suggests that the dawn of Bronze Age Europe was due to the expansion of the Yamnaya culture. Link to original article titled "How A Handful of Yamnaya Culture Nomads Became the Fathers of Europe." 🤍 Ancient Origins Website: 🤍 Become an Ancient Origins Premium Member: 🤍 Twitter: 🤍 Facebook Page: 🤍 Facebook Group: 🤍 Celebrate the birthplace of civilization and get our Sumerian Shirt | Hoodie | Coffee Mug today! CLOTHES: 🤍 COFFEE MUGS: 🤍 Check out our new store! 🤍 Get your Sea Peoples | Late Bronze Age Merch below! Mugs: 🤍 Hoodies | Shirts | Tank Tops: 🤍 Get your Hittite Merch below! Mugs: 🤍 Shirts | Tank Tops | Hoodies: 🤍 Trojan War Merch Below! Mugs: 🤍 Tank Tops | Shirts | Hoodies: 🤍 To support the channel, become a Patron and make history matter! Patreon: 🤍 Donate directly to PayPal: 🤍 Enjoy history merchandise? Check out affiliate link to SPQR Emporium! 🤍?aff=3 *Disclaimer, the link above is an affiliate link which means we will earn a generous commission from your magnificent purchase, just another way to help out the channel! Join our community! Facebook Page: 🤍 Twitter: 🤍 Instagram: 🤍 Facebook Group: 🤍

Proto-Indo-European Culture


Reconstructing culture based on a reconstructed language. Click here for the next video: 🤍 The pictures for this video were SO MUCH FUN to make, you guys! I used to make all my pictures with the trackpad on my laptop, but I got a tablet about a week ago and I used it to make the pictures for this video, which is great, because I'm basically drawing the lives of the Proto-Indo-Europeans! SO much fun. That picture with the two drunk ones is my masterpiece. I don't think I'm going to be able to best that one in my lifetime. Intro song: 🤍 Outro song: 🤍

What Was The Proto-Indo-European Language? | Abhijit Chavda


#AskAbhijit Episode 43, Question 15 WATCH FULL EPISODE (Aryan Invasion? Migration? Tourism? Picnic?) ► 🤍 #AryanInvasion #AryanMigration #AryanMyth SUBSCRIBE ► 🤍 SHORT CLIPS CHANNEL ► 🤍 SUPPORT THE CHANNEL ►UPI (G-Pay/PhonePe/Paytm): abhijitchavda🤍icici ►PayPal: 🤍 ►Become A Member on YouTube: 🤍 JOIN #AbhijitChavda ★Discord: 🤍 ★Twitter: 🤍 ★Instagram: 🤍 ★Facebook: 🤍 ★Website: 🤍 ★Email Inquiries: inquiries.chavda🤍 #AskAbhijitPodcast ★Spotify: 🤍 ★Apple Podcasts: 🤍 ★Google Podcasts: 🤍 #AskAbhijitChavda #Abhijit #Chavda #AskAbhijitShow

More Extinct Languages We Should Bring Back


In this video I will discuss some Indo-European languages that we should revive. Join the discord - 🤍 Support me on Patreon - 🤍

What on Earth Happened to the Old Europeans? Pre-Indo-European History of Europe


What happened to the Old European? Meaning the original people groups of Europe that inhabited the landmass before the arrival of the Indo-Europeans, a group which would later evolve into the vast majority of European nations we see today, from the Russians, Italians, Irish, Norwegians and Greeks. Although precious little is known, there are clues left behind in the archaeology, genetics, linguistics and historical texts that have been passed down through the generations, which gives us a somewhat fuzzy picture of pre-historic Europe. Be sure to let me know your thoughts on the pre-Indo-European Europeans and let me know which culture you think is the most interesting. Thanks for watching! Sources: 🤍 🤍 🤍 🤍 🤍 🤍

Proto Indo European Origins - Who Were They? How do we know?


Who were the Proto Indo Europeans? And how do we know this? In this video, I go through updated information, maps of migrations, and talk about the key aspects that allow us to understand who the Proto Indo Europeans were, where they migrated to, and the resultant cultures, peoples, and languages. I also touch on the Indo European Creation Myth, which my next video will take a deep dive into. ERROR: I mistaken suggest that everyone has a bit of the three DNA groups, this isn't strictly true with Tuscan/Spanish sometimes missing Hunter Gatherer DNA Become a Patreon: 🤍 Or consider a one-off donation via Paypal: 🤍 Bibliography Use of maps from 🤍 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. Reich, D. (2018) ‘Ancient DNA Suggests Steppe Migrations Spread Indo-European Languages 1’, 162(1), pp. 39–55. Available at: 🤍 Lincoln, B. (2016) ‘The Indo-European Cattle-Raiding Myth Source : History of Religions , Vol . 16 , No . 1 ( Aug ., 1976 ), pp . 42-65 Published by : The University of Chicago Press’, 16(1), pp. 42–65. Pagel, M. et al. (2013) ‘Ultraconserved words point to deep language ancestry across Eurasia’, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 110(21), pp. 8471–8476. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1218726110. Anthony, D. W. (2010) The horse, the wheel, and language: How Bronze-Age riders from the Eurasian steppes shaped the modern world, The Horse, the Wheel, and Language: How Bronze-Age Riders from the Eurasian Steppes Shaped the Modern World. Princeton University Press. doi: 10.5860/choice.45-6255. Lazaridis, I., Patterson, N., Mittnik, A., Renaud, G., Mallick, S., Kirsanow, K., Sudmant, P. H., Schraiber, J. G., Castellano, S., Lipson, M., Berger, B., Economou, C., Bollongino, R., Fu, Q., Bos, K. I., Nordenfelt, S., Li, H., de Filippo, C., Prüfer, K., Sawyer, S., … Krause, J. (2014). Ancient human genomes suggest three ancestral populations for present-day Europeans. Nature, 513(7518), 409–413. 🤍 Haak W, Lazaridis I, Patterson N, Rohland N, Mallick S, Llamas B, Brandt G, Nordenfelt S, Harney E, Stewardson K, Fu Q, Mittnik A, Bánffy E, Economou C, Francken M, Friederich S, Pena RG, Hallgren F, Khartanovich V, Khokhlov A, Kunst M, Kuznetsov P, Meller H, Mochalov O, Moiseyev V, Nicklisch N, Pichler SL, Risch R, Rojo Guerra MA, Roth C, Szécsényi-Nagy A, Wahl J, Meyer M, Krause J, Brown D, Anthony D, Cooper A, Alt KW, Reich D. Massive migration from the steppe was a source for Indo-European languages in Europe. Nature. 2015 Jun 11;522(7555):207-11. doi: 10.1038/nature14317. Epub 2015 Mar 2. PMID: 25731166; PMCID: PMC5048219. Quiles, Carlos. 2019. A Game of Clans, Independently Published, ISBN 1072003228 Quiles, Carlos. 2019. A Clash of Chiefs, Independently Published, ISBN 1072023539 Quiles, Carlos. 2019. A Storm of Words, Independently Published, ISBN 1072035294 Chapters = 0:00 Introduction 1:20 What does being Proto Indo European mean? 4:25 The DNA of Indo Europeans 8:40 Tracing back a myth 12:40 Maps of Migration, Language and Culture 21:02 The Language, and God 26:10 Summary

Tim Doner - Family Matters: A Look at the Indo-European Languages


Whether you’re learning Russian or German, Sanskrit or Greek, you’re bound to find words that look oddly alike. In this talk, Timothy Doner, who has studied over 20 languages and is one of the world's best-known young polyglots, will discuss the basic methods of historical linguistics through the lens of its most famous family: Indo-European. Join us at: The Language Event Join us at:

Dyeus: The Indo-European Sky Father


Thanks to Wondrium for sponsoring today's video! Signup for your FREE trial to Wondrium here: 🤍 Join our Patreon community!: 🤍 One-time donations here!: 🤍 Check out my favorite religious studies books by following this affiliate link to my Amazon page: 🤍 In this video, we explore the Proto-Indo-European Sky Father. A deity revered by many cultures throughout history. From the Greek Zeus to the Roman Jupiter, the Sky Father god represented the celestial day-lit sky. Hosted by Dr. Andrew M. Henry. Bibliography: David Anthony, "The Horse, the Wheel, and Language," 2007. Ranko Matasovic, "A Reader in Comparative Indo-European Religion," 2018. Mallory and Adams, "The Oxford Introduction to Proto-Indo-European and the Proto-Indo-European World," 2006. West, Indo-European Poetry and Myth, Oxford Press, 2007. The thumbnail for this video was generated with the help of DALL-E 2.

Super challenging Proto-Indo-European concepts explained: S in parentheses and Hs with numbers


Links: Predicting Future American: 🤍 Indo-European sound laws (Wikipedia): 🤍 Translations: 1:53: (Dutch) where n 2:11: (Probably terrible PIE) When two words end and start with the same sound: “WHERE DOES [s] GO?!”

The history of spread of Indo-Europeans with the pertcentage of ancestry


This map shows the distribution of the currently most widely spoken language in the world, and the genetic distribution of Proto-Indo-European speakers. Music: Slavic Battle Music Hampus Naeselius - Hitman-s Inn Battle Of The Creek by Alexander Nakarada Financial support: Card: Mastercard 5168 7422 4123 3489

How to Understand the Branches of Proto-Indo-European !!


#Elite_Educational_channel #Origins_of_European_and_Indian_Language How to Understand the Branches of Proto-Indo-European !! Branches of PIE !! Philology!! History of Language !! Western !! The Western Branch !! Eastern !! The Eastern Branch !! English !! German !! French !! Dutch !! Danish !! Philologist !! Linguistics !! Linguist !! Language development !! The Indian Sub-Continent languages !! The ancestor of all the Indian and European Language !! Czech !! Baltic-Slavonic !! Sanskrit !! Hindi !! Bengali !! Russian !! Latvian !! Irish !! Scottish !! Polish !! The Family Tree of European Languages !! the Family Tree of all the Indian Languages !! The Original Form of all the European Languages !! The Proto-Form of all the European Languages !! the Proto-Form of all the Indian Languages !! The ancestor of all the Languages of Europe !! The ancestor of all the Languages of the Indian Sub-Continent !! The origin of all the Languages of Europe | The origin of all the Indian Languages | The divisions of PIE | The Branches of PIE | The Two Main Branches of PIE | Are English and German related Languages | Are French and Italian related Languages | Are English and German sisters | What is the ancestor of English | What is the common ancestor of English and German | What is the ancestor of Latin | What is the ancestor of Greek | The definition of philology | The definition of a philologist | The definition of Proto-Indo-European | The main divisions and sub-divisions of PIE | Europe | India | East | West | Classifying the Languages of Europe | Classifying the languages of India | What is the relation between the European and Indian Languages | Languages Family Trees | Languages Relationships |

American Reacts Evolution of the Indo-European Languages


Original Video: 🤍 Discord: 🤍 Watch stuff and learn and chill hi whatsup ⚔️👋🧐 Hi everyone! I'm an American from the Northeast (New England). I want to create a watering hole for people who want to discuss, learn and teach about history through YouTube videos which you guys recommend to me through the comment section or over on Discord. Let's be respectful but, just as importantly, not be afraid to question any and everything about historical records in order to give us the most accurate representation of the history of our species and of our planet! Having a diverse perspective is crucial to what I want to achieve here so please don't hold back! I want to learn about all I can! Keep recommending and PLEAESE join my Discord :) ( 🤍 ) Patreon: 🤍 #indoeuropean #language #languages #europe #european #evolution #linguistics #American #McJibbin #History #AmericanReacts #Reaction Copyright Disclaimer Under Section 107 of the Copyright Act 1976, allowance is made for "fair use" for purposes such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching, scholarship, and research. Fair use is a use permitted by copyright statute that might otherwise be infringing. Non-profit, educational or personal use tips the balance in favor of fair use.

3 Forgotten Indo-Iranian Languages.


After planning the video for a long time, it's finally here! Today we will look at 3 lesser-known languages from the Iranian branch of the Indo-European language family. Yalla enjoy! Sections: Intro - 00:00 Ossetian - 00:50 Zaza - 05:03 Kumzari - 08:52 Outro - 12:18 Credits: Graphics - Microsoft PowerPoint Recording - OBS Software Editing - Microsoft ClipChamp Music - and YouTube Music Library Research - Wikipedia and Omniglot Voiceover and production - me Disclaimer: I am the sole producer of these videos and all the credits for making them are within my rights.

The Spread of the Indo-Europeans


From 4000 BCE, a group of people today known as the Indo-Europeans began to spread from the western Steppes, and dominated everything from Gaul to India by 500 BCE Original Map: 🤍 Thanks to: TeeMee for helping speed up the animation process with "Number Animationer" MUSIC: The Whale (Life of Pi) Derek and Brandon Fiechter - Boudicca

Standard Average European: The European Sprachbund


This video is all about the linguistic features Standard Average European! ►Are you learning a language? One great resource to check out is Innovative Language podcast programs: 🤍 ►My favorite way to practice: with native teachers online, using italki: 🤍 Special thanks to Lùthais MacGriogair for his French and Breton samples; robbey43 for his German samples; Joanna Hotova for her Modern Greek samples; Edu Tudela for his Spanish samples; and Sebastian Marcin Siwik for his Polish samples. Special thanks to these wonderful who support Langfocus at Anjo Barnes, Auguste Fields, Behnam Esfahbod, Bennett Seacrist, Brian King, Clark Roth, Fiona de Visser, Georgy Eremin, Jacob Madsen, John Moffat, Kenny, Leon Jiang, Marcelo Loureiro, Matthew Etter, Michael Arbagi, Michael Cuomo, Nobbi Lampe-Strang, Rosalind Resnick, Ruben Sanchez Jr, Sebastian Langshaw, ShadowCrossZero, Victoria Goh, Vincent David, Yuko Sunda, Abdullah Al-Kazaz, Adam Powell, Adam Vanderpluym, Alen, Alex Hanselka, Alexandre Smirnov, Ali Muhammed Alshehri, Alvin Quiñones, Andrew Woods, Aous Mansouri, Ashley Dierolf, Atsushi Yoshida, Avital Levant, Bartosz Czarnotta, Benn M, Brent Warner, Brian Begnoche, Brian Morton, Bruce Stark, Carl saloga, Chelsea Boudreau, Christian Langreiter, Christopher Lowell, David LeCount, Debbie Levitt, Diane Young, DickyBoa, Dieter Raber, divad, Divadrax, Don Ross, Donald Tilley, Ed B, Edward Wilson, Eric Loewenthal, Erin Robinson Swink, Fabio Martini, fatimahl, Grace Wagner, Greg Boyarko, Guillermo Jimenez, Gus Polly, Hannes Egli, Harry Kek, Henri Saussure, Herr K, Ina Mwanda, Jack Jackson, James and Amanda Soderling, James Lillis, Jay Bernard, Jens Aksel Takle, JESUS FERNANDO MIRANDA BARBOSA, JK Nair, JL Bumgarner, joanna jansen, John Hyaduck, Justin Faist, Klaw117, Konrad, Kristian Erickson, Krzysztof Dobrzanski, Laura Morland, Lee Dedmon, Leo Coyne, Leo Barudi, Lincoln Hutton, Lorraine Inez Lil, Louize Kowalski, Luke Jensen, M.Aqeel Afzal, Mahmoud Hashemi, Margaret Langendorf, Maria Comninou, Mark, Mark Grigoleit, Mark Kemp, Markzipan, Maurice Chou, Merrick Bobb, Michael Regal, Mike Frysinger, mimichi, Mohammed A. Abahussain, Naama Shang, Nicholas Gentry, Nicole Tovar, Oleksandr Ivanov, Oto Kohulák, Panot, Papp Roland, Patrick smith, Patriot Nurse, Paul Shutler, Pauline Pavon, Paulla Fetzek, Peter Andersson, Peter Nikitin, Peter Scollar, Pomax, Raymond Thomas, Renato Paroni de Castro, ReysDad, Robert Sheehan, Robert Williams, Roland Seuhs, Ron McKinnon, Ronald Brady, Saffo Papantonopoulou, Scott Russell, Sergio Pascalin, ShrrgDas, Sierra Rooney, Simon Blanchet, Simon G, Spartak Kagramanyan, Stefan Reichenberger, Steven Severance, Suzanne Jacobs, Theophagous, Thomas Chapel, veleum, Vinicius Marchezini, William MacKenzie, William O Beeman, yasmine jaafar, Yassine Ouarzazi, Yeshar Hadi, Éric Martin Sources for this video include: * The European linguistic area: Standard Average European (2001). Martin Haspelmath. 🤍 “Irregularities in Modern English” by Hans Fried Nielsen. 162-164. “Adverbial Constructions in the Languages of Europe” edited by Johan van der Auwera. The following images are used under Creative Commons Sharealike license: Languages of Europe 🤍 Author: Andre nacu at English Wikipedia. German definite article declension: 🤍 Author: Fauban. Invasions of the Roman Empire 1. 🤍 Author: Mapmaster. Music: Intro: "Awaken" by Anno Domini Beats. Outro: "Not Too Cray" by Huma-Huma.

Two Hunters Speaking in Proto-Indo-European


But things go sour quickly as two wrongs make an even wronger wrong. Check out Aurie's channel here: 🤍 Was PIE a spoken language? That's an interesting question and a very good one - it also leads us to ask ourselves what PIE is, if it's a reconstruction of a language proper or simply an abstraction of what could have been a proto-language. While early PIE which encompasses a lot of european languages (barring the oppositely named paleo-european languages, including things like the Basque and Uralic families) from Spain to India, this is a much later form. This reconstruction is courtesy mainly of the Academia Priska and Leiden Brill series (as well as input from various linguists such as Byrd when the Academia fell short, as reconstructions inevitably do). As mentioned, you could call this Late West Proto-Indo-European, the ancestor of a much more constrained group of languages based on areal proximity, Italic, Celtic and Germanic. It's insanely hard to explain all the differences and complexities of PIE, but as best as I can explain it this is essentially a dialect spoken only in the West of Europe and at a much closer time than the inception of PIE, usually situated around 6000 BC and no later than 3000 BC even for the conservative linguists. Indeed this reconstruction is from around 2000 BC and I've chosen to represent two bell beaker Celts - in the thumbnail the chap on the left is a Bell Beaker and the man on the right is an Anglo-Saxon bog find who just happened to look quite cool. For more images of actual Bell Beakers like Leftie, one of my recent videos has a Bell Beaker archer firing a bow in the thumbnail.

Lord Colin Renfrew | Marija Redivia: DNA and Indo-European Origins


Presented by Lord Colin Renfrew, Senior Fellow of the McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research, former Disney Professor of Archaeology and Director of the McDonald Institute, University of Cambridge. Introductory comments by Dr. Audrius V. Plioplys. This Marija Gimbutas Memorial Lecture was generously organized and sponsored by Drs. Audrius and Sigita Plioplys. Marija Rediviva: DNA and Indo-European Origins Marija Gimbutas had a detailed knowledge of the archaeology of prehistoric Europe and of the cultures of ‘Old Europe’ with their rich iconography of goddesses and gods, which she viewed as overwhelmed at the onset of the Bronze Age by the Kurgan invasion, an incursion of a new population from the East European steppe lands, north of the Black Sea. This she saw as the key impetus which brought Old Europe to an end, and which introduced to Europe a new population speaking early Indo-European languages. The first Memorial Lecture will offer a critical review of the question of Indo-European language origins, and will highlight the contribution of one of the leading prehistorians of the twentieth century. To become a member of the Oriental Institute, please visit: 🤍

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